User Experience Design in Asia
Published: January 5, 2011
Over the last few months, as 2010 started winding down, we had the good fortune to travel around Asia to places that included Nanjing and Guangzhou, in China; Singapore, for UX Singapore; and Taipei, Taiwan. We ran workshops, gave presentations, met with members of the local UX communities, and of course, enjoyed the good Asian food that usually gets wrapped around our travel experiences in Asia. Trips we took to New Zealand and Australia—for UX Australia, where Dan gave his presentation “The Value of Asking Why”—also gave us some exposure to UX design there.
Our travels gave us the opportunity to meet many people face to face and
- get a better understanding of how UX professionals are thinking about and incorporating UX design into their project work
- understand where UX design knowledge currently exists in each locale
- learn what UX topics engage or pique people’s interest
- determine what UX topics we or others should be teaching regionally and what we need to learn more about
- consider how this information might feed into a UX design educational program in Asia and how associations like UPA and IxDA could help
- understand how our activities could complement the superb UX resources that are available online, local design school programs, and UX design conferences—both regional and global
Our experiences have given us a deeper understanding of the state of UX design in Asia. Now that we’re back in Hong Kong—to refresh before our travels start again in 2011—we’ve taken the time to reflect on the people we’ve met and the conversations we’ve had over the last few months.
We’d like to take this opportunity to share what we’ve discovered with the UXmatters community, including our observations and some potentially global insights we’ve derived from them. We’re still exploring these ideas, and some of our thoughts are still a bit raw, so we’d also like to pose some questions to the UXmatters community. Perhaps you can help us better understand whether what we’re seeing exists in Asia alone or other markets have similar traits.
We hope our observations and insights are helpful to those of you who are keeping an eye on UX design in Asia, perhaps have an interest in working in Asia, or want to travel to Asia and share your UX design knowledge by presenting to the local UX community.
What We’ve Discovered
Here are our key observations and learnings.
People are starting to ask themselves: How am I perceived within my organization? How do I perceive myself? How am I and the work that I do positioned within my organization? People don’t always have clear answers to these questions. And some people feel powerless to make any real change through their UX design roles and the products they work on.
Management, sometimes even CEOs—with varying degrees of UX design knowledge—often make design decisions, then pass their decisions along to UX designers, who they see as people who should either simply implement their management-led design decisions or just make things look pretty. This perception of User Experience also means we should consider how UX design offices in Asia might be positioned within and outside the region and what their role is in design. How can we change this perception?
Balancing Strategic Thinking and Knowledge of Tools
Many UX designers appreciate the need for strategic thinking and assess which business cultures are more receptive to what we offer. However, UX designers do not always know how to create and drive UX strategy, and they may be unsure of how to communicate UX strategy to a business. Some UX designers manage to balance strategic thinking with their application of design tools. Others just don’t care about strategy and instead prefer to focus on learning the tools, one by one, that enable them to do their job better and design better products. This is absolutely fine, by the way. What tools should we teach and in what order? What tools have the most impact? How can we teach strategic thinking?
External Versus Internal UX Design Roles
Dan has been a practicing UX professional for 15 years—10 of those years outside organizations, as a consultant. So perhaps it’s easier for Dan to voice his opinions and have leaders of organizations perceive him differently from UX professionals working internally, who may be constrained by poor decisions, politics, a lack of product vision, UX leaders who don’t sell or represent their UX team’s services well, or a general lack of organizational understanding of user experience. How can we help people working internally within organizations to better champion UX design?
UX Design Leadership
Some feel that UX leadership is best left to people who are either in management roles or have Senior on their business cards. They hesitate to lead efforts toward promoting and growing UX design in either their work or their community. How can you recognize when you are ready to lead? What characteristics make an effective leader? Once you have recognized UX leaders in your local communities, what should they do to help promote UX design in your markets?
There seem to be huge disconnects about what makes for great design, who can facilitate design, and how design can really help a business. For some businesses, a UX designer’s role is simply to make a product look pretty. On the flip side, there are some designers who only want to make things pretty. So, what do we need to teach both businesses and UX designers to help them create better products?
Manufacturing Versus Designing
are beginning to see changes as local brands start to design and develop their own products….”
Some markets with a strong history in manufacturing—like mainland China and Taiwan—are beginning to see changes as local brands start to design and develop their own products and, in some cases, international brands set up local design and research centers in Asia—for example, HTC, Philips, Dell, and Autodesk, to name a few. How do you create the right mix of skills—either from within and outside a region—to build a culture that can make great products? How do you move away from copying products to crafting your own brands? What does it mean to be designed in Asia? How can local educational programs help?
What’s My Career Path?
People are confused about both their current role and what lies ahead for them, in terms of learning and their own career planning. Some of them do not understand the differences between a junior and a senior UX designer. What if I don’t want to pursue a management path; what are my options? Who in my locale can help mentor me toward a better understanding of my career path?
Language and locale do not bound the problem of poor communication. People communicate ineffectively in all languages. Communicating poorly in your own language is one thing; translating poor communication for other cultures adds a second layer of confusion, and things get messy fast. It’s possible to teach clear communication, which is key for activities like writing user research plans, defining goals, running user research, analyzing data, working with users, reporting research results to stakeholders, communicating design, and creating designs.
Teaching UX designers clear communication would go a long way toward helping them better position themselves and their UX expertise within an organization. UX designers need to be able to tell a compelling story about how they arrived at their conclusions and what they mean. How do you teach clear communication?
UX Design Maturity
Every market exhibits its own degree of receptiveness to UX design. Factors that influence a community’s UX design maturity include the following:
- size of the community
- number of practitioners
- number of consultancies
- local conferences
- local association chapters
- organizations’ spending on UX design
- government RFPs (Requests for Proposals) that include UX design terminology
How do you determine where a growing UX design market stands against more mature markets? Where and what are the mature markets and why? What are the variables that define a UX design market and its level of maturity?
The Asian UX Design Community
The Asian UX design community is starting to find its voice—both in Asia and globally, with strong economic interest in the region around the topics of UX design and innovation, as well as movement of trade and knowledge between China and India. Plus, there are successful and growing UX conferences like UPA China’s User Friendly, which has occurred annually since 2004, and forthcoming in 2011, UX Hong Kong 2011 and China Interaction Design Experience Day in Guangzhou.
Resources for UX Designers in Asia
Here are some UX conferences and design schools in Asia, as well as some relevant writings.
Books and Articles
- Gaffney, Gerry, and Szuc, Daniel. The Usability Kit. Melbourne: SitePoint, 2006. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- Six, Janet M. “Essential and Desirable Skills for a UX Designer.” UXmatters, December 20, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- Szuc, Daniel. “Design in Asia with Autodesk Shanghai.” Radio Johnny, April 21, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- —— “UX Leadership.” Usability Professionals’ Association, August 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- —— “Yu-Hsiu Li Shares Insights About UX in Taiwan.” Radio Johnny, June 28, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- —— and Josephine Wong. “User Friendly 2009: Design in Asia.” UXmatters, March 8, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
Everyone Must Do Their Part
Wherever you are, it’s important to do your part to help give UX design its voice. For over 10 years, we have been doing our part to evangelize user experience in Hong Kong and throughout Asia. How? By writing articles, presenting at conferences, sparking discussions, inviting speakers to local conferences, connecting regional UX leaders, interviewing local UX leaders for podcasts, giving UX professionals from outside our region opportunities to meet our local UX community, running workshops, and promoting the role of local UX design professionals in business. To cap our last 10 years of UX evangelism in Asia, Jo Wong and I decided, in 2009, to create UX Hong Kong 2011. We look forward to continuing our conversation with UX designers in Asia in 2011 and watching UX design mature in Asia.
Acknowledgment—Thank you to all of the people we spoke with about UX design in Asia for taking the time to sit down and chat with us over the last few months, including Professor M.P. Ranjan, Don Norman, Silvia Zimmerman, Yu-Hsiu, Hsin, Raven Chai, Michael Lai, Michael De Regt, Anjali Kelkar, Adler Jorge, Maria Sit, Sushmita Munshi, and UPA Singapore.
Announcing UX Hong Kong 2011
UX Hong Kong 2011 is a one-day, intimate UX conference, occurring on February 18, 2011, where some of the best UX talent—both international and local, from Hong Kong and Asia—can learn, discuss, experience, share, and immerse themselves in the Asian UX design community. We have invited speakers to provide snapshots and workshops on topics that include UX strategy, design research, mobile design, and building a UX toolkit. Everyone attending can preview all of the speakers in the morning, then choose one workshop to join in the afternoon, during which they’ll explore a topic more deeply with one of the speakers. On the day after the conference, participants are welcome to join our speakers for a day out—spending more time with them, conversing about UX design, and experiencing Hong Kong. You can learn more about UX Hong Kong 2011 by reading Dan’s recent interview with Core77 or “I Wish I Were Going to UX Hong Kong, a blog post by Whitney Hess.”